A plant-based diet differentially affects the global hepatic methylome in rainbow trout depending on genetic background - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Epigenetics Year : 2022

A plant-based diet differentially affects the global hepatic methylome in rainbow trout depending on genetic background

Abstract

Replacing fish meal and oil in trout diets with plant-derived ingredients is a contemporary challenge to move towards more sustainable aquaculture practices. However, such dietary replacement causes hepatic metabolic changes that have not yet been elucidated. Here, we aimed to decipher the effect of a 100% plant-based diet on the hepatic global DNA methylation landscape in trout and assess whether changes depend on fish genetic background. We analysed the global methylome and the expression of DNA (de)methylation-related genes of three isogenic lines that exhibit similar growth when fed a marine resource-based diet (M diet), but differ in their responses to a plant-based diet (V diet). Our results revealed that the V diet induced a decrease in 5-cytosine combined with an increase in 5-hydroxymethylcytosine in two of the three analysed lines. For one of these 2 affected lines, when fed the M diet but at the same feed intake of the V diet (MR), no methylome differences were highlighted between M and MR or between MR and V-fed trout whereas for the other affected line, M fed trout displayed a divergent methylome profile from MR and V fed fish. DNA (de)methylation-related genes were also affected by the V or MR diets. Our findings showed that the global hepatic methylome of trout is affected by a V diet, depending on genetic background. This latter effect seems to be due to either a decreased feed intake alone or combined with the effect of the dietary composition per se

Dates and versions

hal-03638629 , version 1 (12-04-2022)

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Lucie Marandel, Cécile Heraud, Vincent Veron, Laithier J, Marchand M, et al.. A plant-based diet differentially affects the global hepatic methylome in rainbow trout depending on genetic background. Epigenetics, 2022, online first, pp.1-12. ⟨10.1080/15592294.2022.2058226⟩. ⟨hal-03638629⟩
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