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A major-effect genetic locus, ApRVII, controlling resistance against both adapted and non-adapted aphid biotypes in pea

Abstract : In a context of reduced insecticide use, the development of cultivars resistant to insect pests is crucial for an integrated pest management. Pea (Pisum sativum) is a crop of major importance among cultivated legumes, for the supply of dietary proteins and nitrogen in low-input cropping systems. However, yields of the pea crop have become unstable due to plant parasites. The pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum) is an insect pest species forming a complex of biotypes, each one adapted to feed on one or a few related legume species. This study aimed to identify resistance to A. pisum and the underlying genetic determinism by examining a collection of 240 pea genotypes. The collection was screened against a pea-adapted biotype and a non-adapted biotype of A. pisum to characterize their resistant phenotype. Partial resistance was observed in some pea genotypes exposed to the pea-adapted biotype. Many pea genotypes were completely resistant to non-adapted biotype, but some exhibited partial susceptibility. A genome-wide association study, using pea exome-capture sequencing data, enabled the identification of the major-effect quantitative trait locus ApRVII on the chromosome 7. ApRVII includes linkage disequilibrium blocks significantly associated with resistance to one or both of the two aphid biotypes studied. Finally, we identified candidate genes underlying ApRVII that are potentially involved in plant-aphid interactions and marker haplotypes linked with aphid resistance. This study sets the ground for the functional characterization of molecular pathways involved in pea defence to the aphids but also is a step forward for breeding aphid-resistant cultivars.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03652102
Contributor : Anne-Sophie Grenier Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 26, 2022 - 11:55:55 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 1:58:29 AM

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Rémi Ollivier, Isabelle Glory, Romuald Cloteau, Jean-François Le Gallic, Gaëtan Denis, et al.. A major-effect genetic locus, ApRVII, controlling resistance against both adapted and non-adapted aphid biotypes in pea. TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 2022, ⟨10.1007/s00122-022-04050-x⟩. ⟨hal-03652102⟩

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