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Le Priming Effect dans le sol : mécanismes, acteurs et conséquences sur les services écosystémiques dans un contexte de changement global

Abstract : The priming effect (PE) is a key mechanism contributing to the carbon balance of the soil ecosystem. Almost 100 years of research since its discovery in 1926 have led to a rich body of scientific publications to identify the drivers and mechanisms involved. A few review articles have summarised the acquired knowledge; the last major one was published in 2010. Since then, knowledge on the soil microbial communities involved in PE and in PE + C sequestration mechanisms has been considerably renewed. This article reviews current knowledge on soil PE to state to what extent new insights may improve our ability to understand and predict the evolution of soil C stocks. We propose a framework to unify the different concepts and terms that have emerged from the international scientific community on this topic, report recent discoveries, and identify key research needs. Seventy percent of the studies on the soil PE were published in the last 10 years, illustrating a renewed interest for PE, probably linked to the increased concern about the importance of soil carbon for climate change and food security issues. Among all the drivers and mechanisms proposed along with the different studies to explain PE, some are named differently but actually refer to the same object. This overall introduces “artificial” complexity for the mechanistic understanding of PE, and we propose a common, shared terminology. Despite the remaining knowledge gaps, consistent progress has been achieved to decipher the abiotic mechanisms underlying PE, together with the role of enzymes and the identity of the microbial actors involved. However, including PE into mechanistic models of SOM dynamics remains challenging as long as the mechanisms are not fully understood. In the meantime, empirical alternatives are available that reproduce observations accurately when calibration is robust. Based on the current state of knowledge, we propose different scenarios depicting to what extent PE may impact ecosystem services under climate change conditions.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 1, 2022 - 6:15:34 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 9, 2022 - 11:40:32 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03685054, version 1

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Laetitia Bernard, Isabelle Basile-Doelsch, Delphine Derrien, Nicolas Fanin, Sébastien Fontaine, et al.. Le Priming Effect dans le sol : mécanismes, acteurs et conséquences sur les services écosystémiques dans un contexte de changement global. Etude et Gestion des Sols, Association Française pour l'Etude des Sols, 2022, 29, pp.239-274. ⟨hal-03685054⟩

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