Risk-Benefit Assessment of Cereal-Based Foods Consumed by Portuguese Children Aged 6 to 36 Months—A Case Study under the RiskBenefit4EU Project - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Nutrients Year : 2021

Risk-Benefit Assessment of Cereal-Based Foods Consumed by Portuguese Children Aged 6 to 36 Months—A Case Study under the RiskBenefit4EU Project

Paula Alvito
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1142387
Paulo Carmona
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1136228
Catarina Carvalho
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1142388
Carla Lopes
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1142390
Sarogini Monteiro
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1142392
Pedro Nabais
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1136229

Abstract

Cereal-based foods, including breakfast (BC) and infant cereals (IC), are among the first solid foods introduced to infants. BC and IC are sources of macro and micronutrients that have beneficial effects on health, but can also be sources of harmful chemical and microbiological contaminants and nutrients that may lead to adverse health effects at high consumption levels. This study was performed under the RiskBenefit4EU project with the aim of assessing the health impact associated with consumption of BC and IC by Portuguese children under 35 months. Adverse effects associated with the presence of aflatoxins, Bacillus cereus, sodium and free sugars were assessed against the benefits of fiber intake. We applied a risk–benefit assessment approach, and quantified the health impact of changes in consumption of BC and IC from current to various alternative consumption scenarios. Health impact was assessed in terms of disability-adjusted life years. Results showed that moving from the current consumption scenario to considered alternative scenarios results in a gain of healthy life years. Portuguese children can benefit from exchanging intake of IC to BC, if the BC consumed has an adequate nutritional profile in terms of fiber, sodium and free sugars, with levels of aflatoxins reduced as much as possible.
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hal-03689499 , version 1 (07-06-2022)

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Ricardo Assunção, Géraldine Boué, Paula Alvito, Roberto Brazão, Paulo Carmona, et al.. Risk-Benefit Assessment of Cereal-Based Foods Consumed by Portuguese Children Aged 6 to 36 Months—A Case Study under the RiskBenefit4EU Project. Nutrients, 2021, 13 (9), pp.3127. ⟨10.3390/nu13093127⟩. ⟨hal-03689499⟩
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