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Journal Articles Molecular Horticulture Year : 2022

The SlSHN2 transcription factor contributes to cuticle formation and epidermal patterning in tomato fruit

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Abstract

Abstract Tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum ) is an established model for studying plant cuticle because of its thick cuticle covering and embedding the epidermal cells of the fruit. In this study, we screened an EMS mutant collection of the miniature tomato cultivar Micro-Tom for fruit cracking mutants and found a mutant displaying a glossy fruit phenotype. By using an established mapping-by-sequencing strategy, we identified the causal mutation in the SlSHN2 transcription factor that is specifically expressed in outer epidermis of growing fruit. The point mutation in the shn2 mutant introduces a K to N amino acid change in the highly conserved ‘mm’ domain of SHN proteins. The cuticle from shn2 fruit showed a ~ fivefold reduction in cutin while abundance and composition of waxes were barely affected. In addition to alterations in cuticle thickness and properties, epidermal patterning and polysaccharide composition of the cuticle were changed. RNAseq analysis further highlighted the altered expression of hundreds of genes in the fruit exocarp of shn2 , including genes associated with cuticle and cell wall formation, hormone signaling and response, and transcriptional regulation. In conclusion, we showed that a point mutation in the transcriptional regulator SlSHN2 causes major changes in fruit cuticle formation and its coordination with epidermal patterning.
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Dates and versions

hal-03700009 , version 1 (20-06-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Cécile Bres, Johann J. Petit, Nicolas Reynoud, Lysiane Brocard, Didier Marion, et al.. The SlSHN2 transcription factor contributes to cuticle formation and epidermal patterning in tomato fruit. Molecular Horticulture, 2022, 2 (1), pp.14. ⟨10.1186/s43897-022-00035-y⟩. ⟨hal-03700009⟩
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