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Journal Articles F1000Research Year : 2022

The complete genome sequence of elite bread wheat cultivar, “Sonmez”

Abstract

High-yielding crop varieties will become critical in meeting the future food demand in the face of worsening weather extremes and threatening biotic stressors. The bread wheat cultivar Sonmez-2001 is a registered variety that is notable for its performance under lowirrigation conditions, which further improves upon irrigation. Additionally, Sonmez-2001 is resilient against certain biotic stressors, particularly soil-borne pathogens. Here, we provide a reference-guided whole genome sequence of Sonmez-2001, assembled into 21 chromosomes of the A, B and D genomes and totaling 13.3 gigabase-pairs in length. Additionally, a de novo assembly of an additional 1.05 gigabase-pairs was generated that represents either Sonmez-specific sequences or sequences that considerably diverged between Sonmez and Chinese Spring. Within this de novo assembly, we identified 35 gene models, of which 11 were high-confidence, that may contribute to the favorable traits of this high-performing variety. We identified up to 24 million sequence variants, of which up to 2.4% reside in coding sequences, that can be used to develop molecular markers that should be of immediate use to the cereal community.
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hal-03710409 , version 1 (30-06-2022)

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Bala Ani Akpinar, Philippe Leroy, Nathan Watson-Haigh, Ute Baumann, Valérie Barbe, et al.. The complete genome sequence of elite bread wheat cultivar, “Sonmez”. F1000Research, 2022, 11, pp.614. ⟨10.12688/f1000research.121637.1⟩. ⟨hal-03710409⟩
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