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Rumen-protected methionine and lysine supplementation improved performances and environmental impact of nitrogen when lowering dietary protein content in dairy farms

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Abstract

The objective of the EU Project Dy+Milk was to investigate better efficiency of metabolizable protein (MP) use by reducing dietary MP content through less soybean meal (SBM) and balancing the profile of digestible amino acid (AA) in lactating dairy cows. A total of 444 lactating dairy cows from 5 farms in the west region of France were used for 4 mo (39 ± 10% primiparous, 188 ± 101 d in milk (DIM), 9,500 ± 477 kg milk/cow/lactation period of 365d). The trials were conducted as ABA reversal design with 3 successive periods. In the first and third periods of one month each in each farm (Control), semi-complete corn silage diets with different proportions (12 ± 2.8%) of grass silage were offered ad libitum (net energy of lactation (NEL): 1.62 ± 0.03 MCal kg/ DM, MP: 99 ± 4 g kg/DM of PDIE in INRA2007, Met: 1.8 ± 0.0% MP and Lys: 6.9 ± 0.1% MP). In the second period of 2 mo (treatment), experimental diets were offered ad libitum by substituting 0.6 kg/d/cow of SBM (i.e., 15%, PDIE: 96 ± 4 g kg/DM) with corn or barley to maintain NEL supply and by balancing Met (Smartamine M, 2.4% MP) and Lys (AjiPro-L, 7.2% MP). Dray matter intake (DMI) was measured per period and farm. Gross analysis and nutritive values were evaluated from representative samples collected per period. Milk yield and composition were analyzed 5 times. Efficiencies of MP and NUE were evaluated. The relative impact of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions including CO2, CH4 and N2O were converted to CO2 eq according to IPPC 2014. Emissions as CO2 eq. were evaluated using LCA methodology according to PEFCR and the JRC approaches with fat and protein corrected milk (FPCM) as functional unit. Data were analyzed with ANOVA using Proc Mixed of R. DMI was not impacted with treatment (23.7 ± 2.5 kg DM). Milk yield increased (P < 0.01) by 0.6 kg/d/cow while milk protein increased (P < 0.01) by 0.5 g/kg and 39 g/d/cow with the treatment. Milk urea nitrogen decreased (P < 0.01) by 48 mg/l with the treatment. Gross MP efficiency increased (P < 0.05) by 4% and NUE by 9% with the treatment. Consequently, CO2 eq emission decreased by 10%. These results confirmed that better balancing Met and Lys, thanks to rumen-protected AA in reduced MP content diets with less SBM, increased performances and improved environmental impact of nitrogen in high productive dairy herds.
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Dates and versions

hal-03717039 , version 1 (08-07-2022)

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  • HAL Id : hal-03717039 , version 1

Cite

D Militello, Sophie Lemosquet, Y Mathieu, L Bahloul, D Andrieu, et al.. Rumen-protected methionine and lysine supplementation improved performances and environmental impact of nitrogen when lowering dietary protein content in dairy farms. 2022 ADSA Annual meeting, Jun 2022, Kansas City, United States. Journal of dairy science, 105 (suppl. 1), pp.333, Abstracts of the 2022 American Dairy Science Association® Annual Meeting. ⟨hal-03717039⟩

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