Geographical variation in the trait‐based assembly patterns of multitrophic invertebrate communities - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Functional Ecology Year : 2023

Geographical variation in the trait‐based assembly patterns of multitrophic invertebrate communities

Diane Srivastava
Pavel Kratina
Laura Melissa Guzman
Mark Kurtis Trzcinski
Gustavo Romero
Fabiola Ospina-Bautista
Nicholas Marino
Vinicius Farjalla
Barbara Richardson
Ana Gonçalves
Jana Petermann
Michael Richardson
  • Function : Author
Michael Melnychuk
Merlijn Jocqué
Jacqueline Ngai
  • Function : Author
Stanislas Talaga
Gustavo Piccoli
  • Function : Author
Guillermo Montero
Kathryn Kirby
Brian Starzomski


It has been argued that the mechanisms structuring ecological communities may be more generalizable when based on traits than on species identities. If so, patterns in the assembly of community-level traits along environmental gradients should be similar in different places in the world. Alternatively, geographical change in the species pool and regional variation in climate might result in site-specific relationships between community traits and local environments. These competing hypotheses are particularly untested for animal communities. Here we test the geographical constancy of trait-based assembly patterns using a widespread multi-trophic community: aquatic macroinvertebrates within bromeliads. We used data on 615 invertebrate taxa from 1,656 bromeliads in 26 field sites from Mexico to Argentina. We summarized invertebrate traits with four orthogonal axes, and used these trait axes to examine trait convergence and divergence assembly patterns along three environmental gradients: detrital biomass and water volume in bromeliads, and canopy cover over bromeliads. We found no overall signal of trait-based assembly patterns along any of the environmental gradients. However, individual sites did show trait convergence along detrital and water gradients, and we built predictive models to explore these site differences. Sites that showed trait convergence along detrital gradients were all north of the Northern Andes. This geographical pattern may be related to phylogeographical differences in bromeliad morphology. Bromeliads with low detritus were dominated by detritivorous collectors and filter feeders, where those with high detritus had more sclerotized and predatory invertebrates. Sites that showed the strongest trait convergence along gradients in bromeliad water were in regions with seasonal precipitation. In such sites, bromeliads with low water were dominated by soft-bodied, benthic invertebrates with simple life cycles. In less seasonal sites, traits associated with short-term desiccation resistance, such as hard exoskeletons, were more important. In summary, we show that there are strong geographical effects on the trait-based assembly patterns of this invertebrate community, driven by the biogeography of their foundational plant species as well as by regional climate. We suggest that inclusion of biogeography and climate in trait-based community ecology could help make it a truly general theory.
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Dates and versions

hal-03720922 , version 1 (12-07-2022)



Diane Srivastava, A. Andrew M. Macdonald, Valério D. Pillar, Pavel Kratina, Vanderlei Debastiani, et al.. Geographical variation in the trait‐based assembly patterns of multitrophic invertebrate communities. Functional Ecology, 2023, 37 (1), pp.73-86. ⟨10.1111/1365-2435.14096⟩. ⟨hal-03720922⟩
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