Thymol-enriched extract from Thymus vulgaris L leaves: Green extraction processes and antiaggregant effects on human platelets - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Bioorganic Chemistry Year : 2022

Thymol-enriched extract from Thymus vulgaris L leaves: Green extraction processes and antiaggregant effects on human platelets

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Abstract

This work focuses on the selection and the optimization of an efficient green-extraction method, used to recover a thymol-enriched extract from thyme (Thymus vulgaris L), as well as the evaluation of the inhibitory effect of this latter on the human platelet aggregation. Different innovative extraction techniques, namely bead milling extraction, ultrasound and microwave assisted extraction, were tested for their ability to recover a high added value extract from thyme. Among all tested eco-extraction techniques, microwave extraction (MAE) was the best method in term of its extraction yield (20.84% ± 0.51), thymol concentration (731.71 mg/g) and total phenolic (23.53 ± 1.83 mg (GAE)/g of extract) and flavonoid (6.22 ± 0.35 mg of QE/g of extract) contents. Moreover, thyme extract obtained by microwave assisted extraction (TMAE) showed the most active antioxidant effect comparing to the other tested extracts. Based on these results, TMAE was chosen to be evaluated for its antiplatelet effect. Thereby, arachidonic acid, collagen and ADP were used to induce the platelet aggregation on human platelet rich plasma taken from healthy controls and results revealed that TMAE strongly inhibited the induced platelet aggregation. Indeed, TMAE exhibited potent antiaggregant activity by inhibiting platelet activation, secretion and aggregation. Additionally, cytotoxicity assay on normal HEK-293 cells showed that TMAE has no cytotoxic effect even at high concentration (8 mg/ml) and can further be taken up to various biomedical applications mainly in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
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Dates and versions

hal-03726217 , version 1 (18-07-2022)

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Mariem Adhar, Basma Hadjkacem, Sandrine Périno-Issartier, Ikram Ben Amor, Amira Feki, et al.. Thymol-enriched extract from Thymus vulgaris L leaves: Green extraction processes and antiaggregant effects on human platelets. Bioorganic Chemistry, 2022, 125, pp.105858. ⟨10.1016/j.bioorg.2022.105858⟩. ⟨hal-03726217⟩
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