Generation of a chromosome‐level genome assembly for Pacific halibut ( Hippoglossus stenolepis ) and characterization of its sex‐determining genomic region - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecular Ecology Resources Year : 2022

Generation of a chromosome‐level genome assembly for Pacific halibut ( Hippoglossus stenolepis ) and characterization of its sex‐determining genomic region

Hugues Parrinello

Abstract

The Pacific halibut (Hippoglossus stenolepis) is a key species in the North Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea ecosystems, where it also supports important fisheries. However, the lack of genomic resources limits our understanding of evolutionary, environmental and anthropogenic forces affecting key life history characteristics of Pacific halibut and prevents the application of genomic tools in fisheries management and conservation efforts. In the present study, we report on the first generation of a high-quality chromosome-level assembly of the Pacific halibut genome, with an estimated size of 602 Mb, 24 chromosome-length scaffolds that contain 99.8% of the assembly and a N50 scaffold length of 27.3 Mb. In the first application of this important resource, we conducted genome-wide analyses of sex-specific genetic variation by pool sequencing and characterized a potential sex-determining region in chromosome 9 with a high density of female-specific SNPs. Within this region, we identified the bmpr1ba gene as a potential candidate for master sex-determining (MSD) gene. bmpr1ba is a member of the TGF-β family that in teleosts has provided the largest number of MSD genes, including a paralogue of this gene in Atlantic herring. The genome assembly constitutes an essential resource for future studies on Pacific halibut population structure and dynamics, evolutionary history and responses to environmental and anthropogenic influences. Furthermore, the genomic location of the sex-determining region in Pacific halibut has been identified and a putative candidate MSD gene has been proposed, providing further support for the rapid evolution of sex-determining mechanisms in teleost fish.
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Licence : CC BY NC ND - Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

Dates and versions

hal-03737450 , version 1 (25-07-2022)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Andrew J. Jasonowicz, Anna Simeon, Margot Zahm, Cédric Cabau, Christophe C. Klopp, et al.. Generation of a chromosome‐level genome assembly for Pacific halibut ( Hippoglossus stenolepis ) and characterization of its sex‐determining genomic region. Molecular Ecology Resources, 2022, pp.1-16. ⟨10.1111/1755-0998.13641⟩. ⟨hal-03737450⟩
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