Phosphate solubilizing bacteria can significantly contribute to enhance P availability from polyphosphates and their use efficiency in wheat - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Microbiological Research Year : 2022

Phosphate solubilizing bacteria can significantly contribute to enhance P availability from polyphosphates and their use efficiency in wheat

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Abstract

Rhizosphere microbes significantly enhance phosphorus (P) availability from a variety of unavailable P pools in agricultural soils. However, little is known about the contribution of root-associated microorganisms, notably P solubilizing bacteria (PSB), to enhance the use of polyphosphate (PolyP) fertilizers as well as the key mechanisms involved. This study assesses the ability of four PSB (Bacillus siamensis, Rahnella aceris, Pantoea hericii, Bacillus paramycoides) and their consortium (Cs) to enhance the release rate of available P from two types of PolyP ("PolyB" and "PolyC") with a focus on the key role of phosphatase enzyme activities and organic acids production. Wheat growth performance and P acquisition efficiency were evaluated in response to co-application of PSB and PolyP. Results showed that inoculation with PSB, notably Cs, significantly enhanced available P from PolyC, PolyB and tri-calcium P. Increased available P in response to inoculation with PSB significantly correlated with medium acidification, organic acids production (notably glycolic acid) and induced activities of acid phosphatase and pyrophosphatase. In planta, the co-application of PSB-PolyP improved wheat plant biomass, root growth and P acquisition, with best results obtained from Cs-PolyP co-application as compared to uninoculated and unfertilized plants. At seedling stage, the co-application of Cs-PolyP (PolyB and PolyC) enhanced root hairs length (125 % and 131 %), root length (26 % and 37 %) and root inorganic P (Pi) content (160 % and 182 %), respectively compared to uninoculated plants. Similarly, at tillering stage, plant biomass (35 % and 47 %), Pi content (43 % and 253 %), P translocation (215 % and 315 %) and soil phosphatases (213 % and 219 %) significantly improved under PolyB and PolyC application, respectively. Findings from this study demonstrate the key role of PSB to enhance the use of PolyP through production of organic acids and phosphatases, exhibiting differential traits patterns between the two PolyP. Improved wheat growth and root P acquisition in response to PSB-PolyP co-application can be attributed to induced rhizosphere processes leading to enhanced available P taken up by roots.
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Dates and versions

hal-03741931 , version 1 (02-08-2022)

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Said Khourchi, Wissal Elhaissoufi, Mohamed Loum, Ammar Ibnyasser, Meryem Haddine, et al.. Phosphate solubilizing bacteria can significantly contribute to enhance P availability from polyphosphates and their use efficiency in wheat. Microbiological Research, 2022, 262, pp.127094. ⟨10.1016/j.micres.2022.127094⟩. ⟨hal-03741931⟩
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