Physiological and Transcriptional Responses to Saline Irrigation of Young ‘Tempranillo’ Vines Grafted Onto Different Rootstocks - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Plant Science Year : 2022

Physiological and Transcriptional Responses to Saline Irrigation of Young ‘Tempranillo’ Vines Grafted Onto Different Rootstocks

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Abstract

The use of more salt stress-tolerant vine rootstocks can be a sustainable strategy for adapting traditional grapevine cultivars to future conditions. However, how the new M1 and M4 rootstocks perform against salinity compared to conventional ones, such as the 1103-Paulsen, had not been previously assessed under real field conditions. Therefore, a field trial was carried out in a young 'Tempranillo' (Vitis vinifera L.) vineyard grafted onto all three rootstocks under a semi-arid and hot-summer Mediterranean climate. The vines were irrigated with two kinds of water: a non-saline Control with EC of 0.8 dS m(-1) and a Saline treatment with 3.5 dS m(-1). Then, various physiological parameters were assessed in the scion, and, additionally, gene expression was studied by high throughput sequencing in leaf and berry tissues. Plant water relations evidenced the osmotic effect of water quality, but not that of the rootstock. Accordingly, leaf-level gas exchange rates were also reduced in all three rootstocks, with M1 inducing significantly lower net photosynthesis rates than 1103-Paulsen. Nevertheless, the expression of groups of genes involved in photosynthesis and amino acid metabolism pathways were not significantly and differentially expressed. The irrigation with saline water significantly increased leaf chloride contents in the scion onto the M-rootstocks, but not onto the 1103P. The limitation for leaf Cl- and Na+ accumulation on the scion was conferred by rootstock. Few processes were differentially regulated in the scion in response to the saline treatment, mainly, in the groups of genes involved in the flavonoids and phenylpropanoids metabolic pathways. However, these transcriptomic effects were not fully reflected in grape phenolic ripeness, with M4 being the only one that did not cause reductions in these compounds in response to salinity, and 1103-Paulsen having the highest overall concentrations. These results suggest that all three rootstocks confer short-term salinity tolerance to the scion. The lower transcriptomic changes and the lower accumulation of potentially phytotoxic ions in the scion grafted onto 1103-Paulsen compared to M-rootstocks point to the former being able to maintain this physiological response in the longer term. Further agronomic trials should be conducted to confirm these effects on vine physiology and transcriptomics in mature vineyards.
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Dates and versions

hal-03746266 , version 1 (05-08-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Ignacio Buesa, Juan G Pérez-Pérez, Fernando Visconti, Rebeka Strah, Diego S Intrigliolo, et al.. Physiological and Transcriptional Responses to Saline Irrigation of Young ‘Tempranillo’ Vines Grafted Onto Different Rootstocks. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2022, 13, ⟨10.3389/fpls.2022.866053⟩. ⟨hal-03746266⟩

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