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Journal Articles British Poultry Science Year : 2022

Phenotypic correlations between feed efficiency, growth, and meat quality of slow-growing chickens

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Abstract

Korat (KR) chicken is a new meat-type chicken breed established with the purpose of developing Small and Micro Community Enterprise Production. This slow-growing chicken has been recognised for its good texture and flavour, but its low feed efficiency is associated with high cost of production which can hamper the development of local production. This has highlighted the importance of studying the trade-off between feed efficiency and meat quality in KR chicken. This study investigated the phenotypic correlations between feed efficiency, growth performance, and meat quality in KR chicken. Individual body weight and feed intake were recorded weekly for 75 male KR chickens for the calculation of feed conversion ratio (FCR) and residual feed intake (RFI). The growth curve was modelled by Gompertz function and meat quality evaluated at 10 weeks of age, through the measurement of pH (pHu), water-holding capacity (WHC) and drip loss (DL) in breast and thigh muscle. Faster growth rate at young age appeared favourable, regarding feed efficiency, since a moderate negative correlation was found between FCR and initial growth rate. Chickens with a higher initial growth and maturation rates were characterised by lower water-holding capacity in meat. This was not associated with acidic meat, since a higher speed of growth (especially in the first weeks) was positively associated with final pH in breast meat. Relationships between RFI and meat quality traits appeared to be weak. While better FCR could be achieved by increased initial growth rate, this seemed to negatively impact water-holding capacity of the meat. RFI appeared as an interesting alternative as a compromise between FCR and meat quality.
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Dates and versions

hal-03746547 , version 1 (05-08-2022)

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C. Poompramun, Sandrine Mignon-Grasteau, Amélie Juanchich, Christelle Hennequet-Antier, K. Thumanu, et al.. Phenotypic correlations between feed efficiency, growth, and meat quality of slow-growing chickens. British Poultry Science, inPress, pp.1-5. ⟨10.1080/00071668.2022.2094218⟩. ⟨hal-03746547⟩
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