Unfavorable genetic correlations between fecal egg count and milk production traits in the French blond-faced Manech dairy sheep breed - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Genetics Selection Evolution Year : 2022

Unfavorable genetic correlations between fecal egg count and milk production traits in the French blond-faced Manech dairy sheep breed

(1) , (2) , (1) , (3, 4) , (3, 4) , (3, 4) , (5) , (5) , (3, 4) , (1)
1
2
3
4
5

Abstract

Background Genetic selection has proven to be a successful strategy for the sustainable control of gastrointestinal parasitism in sheep. However, little is known on the relationship between resistance to parasites and production traits in dairy breeds. In this study, we estimated the heritabilities and genetic correlations for resistance to parasites and milk production traits in the blond-faced Manech breed. The resistance to parasites of 951 rams from the selection scheme was measured through fecal egg counts (FEC) at 30 days post-infection under experimental conditions. Six milk production traits [milk yield (MY), fat yield (FY), protein yield (PY), fat content (FC), protein content (PC) and somatic cell score (LSCS)], were used in this study and were collected on 140,127 dairy ewes in first lactation, as part of the official milk recording. These ewes were related to the 951 rams (65% of the ewes were daughters of the rams). Results Fecal egg counts at the end of the first and second infections were moderately heritable (0.19 and 0.37, respectively) and highly correlated (0.93). Heritabilities were moderate for milk yields (ranging from 0.24 to 0.29 for MY, FY and PY) and high for FC (0.35) and PC (0.48). MY was negatively correlated with FC and PC (− 0.39 and − 0.45, respectively). FEC at the end of the second infection were positively correlated with MY, FY and PY (0.28, 0.29 and 0.24, respectively with standard errors of ~ 0.10). These slightly unfavorable correlations indicate that the animals with a high production potential are genetically more susceptible to gastrointestinal parasite infections. A low negative correlation (− 0.17) was also found between FEC after the second infection and LSCS, which suggests that there is a small genetic antagonism between resistance to gastrointestinal parasites and resistance to mastitis, which is another important health trait in dairy sheep. Conclusions Our results indicate an unfavorable but low genetic relationship between resistance to gastrointestinal parasites and milk production traits in the blond-faced Manech breed. These results will help the breeders’ association make decisions about how to include resistance to parasites in the selection objective.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Aguerre-GSE-2022.pdf (937.48 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive
Licence : CC BY - Attribution

Dates and versions

hal-03749062 , version 1 (10-08-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

Identifiers

Cite

Sophie Aguerre, Jean-Michel Astruc, Andres Legarra, Léa Bordes, Françoise Prevot, et al.. Unfavorable genetic correlations between fecal egg count and milk production traits in the French blond-faced Manech dairy sheep breed. Genetics Selection Evolution, 2022, 54 (1), pp.14. ⟨10.1186/s12711-022-00701-1⟩. ⟨hal-03749062⟩
37 View
3 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More