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Journal Articles Bulletin of Mathematical Biology Year : 2022

Performance Study of Two Serial Interconnected Chemostats with Mortality

Abstract

The present work considers the model of two chemostats in series when a biomass mortality is considered in each vessel. We study the performance of the serial configuration for two different criteria which are the output substrate concentration and the biogas flow rate production, at steady state. A comparison is made with a single chemostat with the same total volume. Our techniques apply for a large class of growth functions and allow us to retrieve known results obtained when the mortality is not included in the model and the results obtained for specific growth functions in both the mathematical literature and the biological literature. In particular, we provide a complete characterization of operating conditions under which the serial configuration is more efficient than the single chemostat, i.e. the output substrate concentration of the serial configuration is smaller than that of the single chemostat or, equivalently, the biogas flow rate of the serial configuration is larger than that of the single chemostat. The study shows that the maximum biogas flow rate, relative to the dilution rate, of the series device is higher than that of the single chemostat provided that the volume of the first tank is large enough. This non-intuitive property does not occur for the model without mortality.
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hal-03762535 , version 1 (28-08-2022)

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Manel Dali-Youcef, Alain Rapaport, Tewfik Sari. Performance Study of Two Serial Interconnected Chemostats with Mortality. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 2022, 84 (10), ⟨10.1007/s11538-022-01068-6⟩. ⟨hal-03762535⟩
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