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Conference Papers Year : 2022

Immunomodulatory role of Propionibacterium freudenreichii extracellular vesicles

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Gwénaël Jan
Yves Le Loir
Eric Guédon

Abstract

The role of Propionibacterium freudenreichii in mitigating inflammation has been a subject of study for many years. Lately, it has been shown that immunomodulation properties are strain- specific and that the major responsible for inflammatory modulation ofimmunomodulation by strain CIRM-BIA129 is the presence of the surface layer protein B (SlpB), which has presented immunomodulation even when expressed in other bacteria. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are nanosized spherical structures, produced by organisms of all kingdoms, including bacteria. They have been associated with inter-organism communication, pathogenesis, competition, and immunomodulation. Recent studies were aiming to address the role of EVs, in the probiotic effects of bacteria. The properties of P. freudenreichii CIRM-BIA129- derived EVs have been investigated. EVs produced by CIRM-BIA129 cultured in milk ultrafiltrate medium (UF) have been characterized by regarding size and morphology. UF-derived EVs displayed a monodisperse pattern with a modal size of 84.80 ± 2.34 nm. They are composed of a wide variety of proteins, mainly involved in metabolic processes, cellular processes and signaling, and storage and processing of information. A, among these proteins, SlpB was found in high abundance. P. freudenreichii EVs were able to inhibit, in a dose dependent manner, the increase of IL-8 production in HT-29 cells induced with LPS, due to NF-KB pathway inhibition, without causing cell cytotoxicity. EVs produced by a CIRM-BIA129 mutant strain with a knockout for SlpB showed a less efficient reduction in IL-8 production. Results have shown that the environmental conditions are able to modify EVs content and, consequently, their immunomodulatory effects. A change in the growth medium, from UF to YEL (yeast extract-lactate) showed a lower production of EVs, with a slightly larger size. EVs produced in YEL did not perform as well in the inhibition of the NF-KB pathway and had no effect on IL-8 production. Recent results have shown that P. freudenreichii EVs were able to protect Caco-2 cells from inflammation-induced excessive increasing permeability. These Altogether, these results show that Evs produced by beneficial propionibacteria are able to generate immunomodulationtrigger immunomodulation, similar to the parental strain. As for the SlpB role in EVs immunomodulation,
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Dates and versions

hal-03781603 , version 1 (20-09-2022)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03781603 , version 1

Cite

Tales Fernando Da Silva, Vinícius de Rezende Rodovalho, Brenda Silva Rosa Da Luz, Fillipe Luiz Rosa Do Carmo, Aurélie Nicolas, et al.. Immunomodulatory role of Propionibacterium freudenreichii extracellular vesicles. FoodMicro2022, Aug 2022, Athènes, Greece. ⟨hal-03781603⟩

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