Research Note: Divergent selection for breast muscle ultimate pH affects egg quality traits in broiler breeders - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Poultry Science Year : 2022

Research Note: Divergent selection for breast muscle ultimate pH affects egg quality traits in broiler breeders

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Abstract

Two divergently selected broiler lines were created by selection for low (pHu-) or high (pHu+) Pectoralis major ultimate pH (pHu) in order to better understand the molecular mechanisms underlying meat quality traits in broilers and are also unique genetic resources reflecting low and high glycogen levels in chicken muscle. The present study aimed to reveal the correlated phenotypical changes of egg quality traits in broiler breeders from the 2 divergent lines at the 14th generation. Birds were reared on littered floor system until 18 wk of age and in individual cages up to 42 wk. Individual egg production was recorded daily from age at first egg to 42 wk. External (egg weight: EW and shape index: SI), internal (albumen height: AH, Haugh unit: HU, yolk index: YI, and yolk color: YC), and shell (shell percentage: ESP, thickness: EST and strength: ESS) characteristics of eggs in pHu- and pHu+ lines were measured in all eggs for 4 consecutive days at 26, 27, 28, 30, 31, 32, 41, and 42 wk of age. The pHu- line had significantly higher egg percentage than pHu+ (55.9 and 49.1%, respectively). The EW in pHu- line (57.2 g) was significantly lower than in pHu+ (59.0 g) and increased with age in both lines. The mean ESP, EST and ESS were lower in the pHu+ eggs compared to the pHu- line. ESP and EST decreased mainly from 26 to 27 wk of age and they had a stable trend with advancing age in the remaining weeks. AH and YI were lower in pHu- line eggs than in pHu+. YC was more intense and HU higher in pHu+ eggs than pHu- in pre-peak and peak laying period. In conclusion, these results showed that a divergent selection for muscle energy metabolism has led to correlated responses on internal and external egg quality traits and suggest that the production of good-quality eggs may be impaired in broiler breeders with low energy reserves.

Dates and versions

hal-03798764 , version 1 (05-10-2022)

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Kadir Erensoy, emilie raynaud, Angélique Petit, Yannick Baumard, Sonia Metayer-Coustard, et al.. Research Note: Divergent selection for breast muscle ultimate pH affects egg quality traits in broiler breeders. Poultry Science, 2022, 101 (11), pp.102142. ⟨10.1016/j.psj.2022.102142⟩. ⟨hal-03798764⟩
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