An unusual familial Xp22.12 microduplication including EIF1AX: A novel candidate dosage-sensitive gene for premature ovarian insufficiency - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles European Journal of Medical Genetics Year : 2022

An unusual familial Xp22.12 microduplication including EIF1AX: A novel candidate dosage-sensitive gene for premature ovarian insufficiency

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Abstract

We report on the results of array-CGH and Whole exome sequencing (WES) studies carried out in a Tunisian family with 46,XX premature ovarian insufficiency (POI). This study has led to the identification of a familial Xp22.12 tandem duplication with a size of 559.4 kb, encompassing only three OMIM genes (RPS6KA3, SH3KBP1and EIF1AX), and a new heterozygous variant in SPIDR gene: NM_001080394.3:c.1845_1853delTATAATTGA (p.Ile616_Asp618del) segregating with POI. Increased mRNA expression levels were detected for SH3KBP1 and EIF1AX, while a normal transcript level for RPS6KA3 was detected in the three affected family members, explaining the absence of intellectual disability (ID). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first duplication involving the Xp22.12 region, reported in a family without ID, but rather with secondary amenorrhea (SA) and female infertility. As EIF1AX is a regulatory gene escaping X-inactivation, which has an extreme dosage sensitivity and highly expressed in the ovary, we suggest that this gene might be a candidate gene for ovarian function. Homozygous nonsense pathogenic variants of SPIDR gene have been reported in familial cases in POI. It has been suggested that chromosomal instability associated with SPIDR molecular defects supports the role of SPIDR protein in double-stranded DNA damage repair in vivo in humans and its causal role in POI. In this family, the variant (p.Ile616_Asp618del), present in a heterozygous state, is located in the domain that interacts with BLM and might disrupt the BLM binding ability of SPIDR protein. These findings strengthen the hypothesis that the additional effect of this variant could lead to POI in this family. Although the work represents the first evidence that EIF1AX duplication might be responsible for POI through its over-expression, further functional studies are needed to clarify and prove EIF1AX involvement in POI phenotype.
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hal-03799145 , version 1 (05-10-2022)

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Rim Sakka, Fatma Abdelhedi, Hanen Sellami, Bruno Pichon, Yosra Lajmi, et al.. An unusual familial Xp22.12 microduplication including EIF1AX: A novel candidate dosage-sensitive gene for premature ovarian insufficiency. European Journal of Medical Genetics, 2022, 65 (11), pp.104613. ⟨10.1016/j.ejmg.2022.104613⟩. ⟨hal-03799145⟩
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