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Journal Articles (Review Article) Frontiers in Plant Science Year : 2022

Characteristics of unmanned aerial spraying systems and related spray drift: A review

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Abstract

Although drift is not a new issue, it deserves further attention for Unmanned Aerial Spraying Systems (UASS). The use of UASS as a spraying tool for Plant Protection Products is currently explored and applied worldwide. They boast different benefits such as reduced applicator exposure, high operating efficiency and are unconcerned by field-related constraints (ground slope, ground resistance). This review summarizes UASS characteristics, spray drift and the factors affecting UASS drift, and further research that still needs to be developed. The distinctive features of UASS comprise the existence of one or more rotors, relatively higher spraying altitude, faster-flying speed, and limited payload. This study highlights that due to most of these features, the drift of UASS may be inevitable. However, this drift could be effectively reduced by optimizing the structural layout of the rotor and spraying system, adjusting the operating parameters, and establishing a drift buffer zone. Further efforts are still necessary to better assess the drift characteristics of UASS, establish drift models from typical models, crops, and climate environments, and discuss standard methods for measuring UASS drift.
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hal-03830633 , version 1 (26-10-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Pengchao Chen, Jean Paul Douzals, Yubin Lan, Eric E. Cotteux, Xavier Delpuech, et al.. Characteristics of unmanned aerial spraying systems and related spray drift: A review. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2022, 13, ⟨10.3389/fpls.2022.870956⟩. ⟨hal-03830633⟩
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