Exploring New Routes for Genetic Resistances to Potyviruses: The Case of the Arabidopsis thaliana Phosphoglycerates Kinases (PGK) Metabolic Enzymes - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Viruses Year : 2022

Exploring New Routes for Genetic Resistances to Potyviruses: The Case of the Arabidopsis thaliana Phosphoglycerates Kinases (PGK) Metabolic Enzymes

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Abstract

The development of recessive resistance by loss of susceptibility is a consistent strategy to combat and limit damages caused by plant viruses. Susceptibility genes can be turned into resistances, a feat that can either be selected among the plant’s natural diversity or engineered by biotechnology. Here, we summarize the current knowledge on the phosphoglycerate kinases (PGK), which have emerged as a new class of susceptibility factors to single-stranded positive RNA viruses, including potyviruses. PGKs are metabolic enzymes involved in glycolysis and the carbon reduction cycle, encoded by small multigene families in plants. To fulfil their role in the chloroplast and in the cytosol, PGKs genes encode differentially addressed proteins. Here, we assess the diversity and homology of chloroplastic and cytosolic PGKs sequences in several crops and review the current knowledge on their redundancies during plant development, taking Arabidopsis as a model. We also show how PGKs have been shown to be involved in susceptibility—and resistance—to viruses. Based on this knowledge, and drawing from the experience with the well-characterized translation initiation factors eIF4E, we discuss how PGKs genes, in light of their subcellular localization, function in metabolism, and susceptibility to viruses, could be turned into efficient genetic resistances using genome editing techniques.
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hal-03842615 , version 1 (07-11-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Mamoudou Diop, Jean-Luc Gallois. Exploring New Routes for Genetic Resistances to Potyviruses: The Case of the Arabidopsis thaliana Phosphoglycerates Kinases (PGK) Metabolic Enzymes. Viruses, 2022, 14 (6), pp.1245. ⟨10.3390/v14061245⟩. ⟨hal-03842615⟩
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