Epigenetic master regulators HDAC1 and HDAC5 control pathobiont Enterobacteria colonization in ileal mucosa of Crohn’s disease patients - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Gut microbes Year : 2022

Epigenetic master regulators HDAC1 and HDAC5 control pathobiont Enterobacteria colonization in ileal mucosa of Crohn’s disease patients

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Abstract

Adherent-invasive Escherichia coli (AIEC), which abnormally colonize the ileal mucosa of Crohn's disease (CD) patients, are known to contribute to the etiopathogenesis of CD. Molecular mechanisms favoring AIEC ileal colonization have not been completely characterized yet. The aim of this study was to investigate whether epigenetic regulators histone deacetylases (HDAC) expression in intestinal epithelial cells of CD patients regulate Enterobacteria and AIEC encroachment to intestinal mucosa. HDAC were inhibited in vitro and in CEABAC10 mice to decipher their involvement in the entry of AIEC within host cells. CD ileal samples from the REMIND cohort were used to study the relationship between HDAC expression level and Enterobacteria/AIEC colonization in patients. Mice were fed a westernized diet and orally challenged with AIEC to determine the impact of diet on HDAC expression. Global level of acetylated histone H3 is higher in patients colonized by AIEC bacteria compared to patients non-colonized by Enterobacteria and HDAC inhibition-mediated H3 hyperacetylation promotes the entry of AIEC bacteria within intestinal epithelial cells. HDAC1 and HDAC5 are central and antagonistic in the regulation of AIEC entry within host cells in vitro, in mouse models and in ileal mucosa of CD patients. In mice fed a western-type diet, AIEC infection decreases HDAC1 expression, inducing H3 hyperacetylation to favor their own colonization. CD patients under a western diet are more prone to be colonized by AIEC bacteria as such a diet affects intestinal homeostasis, enables AIEC access to intestinal mucosa where they then manipulate hostepigenome to their advantage.
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hal-03881385 , version 1 (01-12-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Mélissa Chervy, Adeline Sivignon, Flavie Dambrine, Anthony Buisson, Pierre Sauvanet, et al.. Epigenetic master regulators HDAC1 and HDAC5 control pathobiont Enterobacteria colonization in ileal mucosa of Crohn’s disease patients. Gut microbes, 2022, 14 (1), pp.1-13. ⟨10.1080/19490976.2022.2127444⟩. ⟨hal-03881385⟩
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