Penicillin resistance in bovine Staphylococcus aureus: Genomic evaluation of the discrepancy between phenotypic and molecular test methods - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Dairy Science Year : 2023

Penicillin resistance in bovine Staphylococcus aureus: Genomic evaluation of the discrepancy between phenotypic and molecular test methods

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Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus is a major pathogen in humans and animals. In cattle, it is one of the most important agents of mastitis, causing serious costs in the dairy industry. Early diagnosis and adequate therapy are therefore 2 key factors to deal with the problems caused by this bacterium, and benzylpenicillin (penicillin) is usually the first choice to treat these infections. Unfortunately, penicillin resistance testing in bovine S. aureus strains shows discrepant results depending on the test used; consequently, the best method for assessing penicillin resistance is still unknown. The aim of this study was therefore to find a method that assesses penicillin resistance in S. aureus and to elucidate the mechanisms leading to the observed discrepancies. A total of 146 methicillin-sensitive S. aureus strains isolated from bovine mastitis were tested for penicillin resistance using a broth microdilution [minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)] and 2 different disk diffusion protocols. Furthermore, the strains were analyzed for the presence of the bla operon genes (blaI, blaR1, blaZ) by PCR, and a subset of 45 strains was also subjected to whole genome sequencing (WGS). Discrepant results were obtained when penicillin resistance of bovine S. aureus was evaluated by disk diffusion, MIC, and PCR methods. The discrepancies, however, could be fully explained by WGS analysis. In fact, it turned out that penicillin resistance is highly dependent on the completeness of the bla operon promotor: when the bla operon was complete based on WGS analysis, all strains showed MIC ≥1 µg/mL, whereas when the bla operon was mutated (31-nucleotide deletion), they were penicillin sensitive except in those strains where an additional, bla operon-independent resistance mechanism was observed. Further, WGS analyses showed that penicillin resistance is truly assessed by the MIC assay. In contrast, caution is required when interpreting disk diffusion and PCR results.
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Dates and versions

hal-03884747 , version 1 (05-12-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Cite

I Ivanovic, R Boss, A Romanò, E Guédon, Yves Le Loir, et al.. Penicillin resistance in bovine Staphylococcus aureus: Genomic evaluation of the discrepancy between phenotypic and molecular test methods. Journal of Dairy Science, 2023, 106 (issue 1), pp.462-475. ⟨10.3168/jds.2022-22158⟩. ⟨hal-03884747⟩

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