A CRISPR/Cas9-engineered avatar mouse model of monocarboxylate transporter 8 deficiency displays distinct neurological alterations - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Neurobiology of Disease Year : 2022

A CRISPR/Cas9-engineered avatar mouse model of monocarboxylate transporter 8 deficiency displays distinct neurological alterations

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Abstract

Inactivating mutations in the specific thyroid hormone transporter monocarboxylate transporter 8 (MCT8) lead to an X-linked rare disease named MCT8 deficiency or Allan-Herndon-Dudley Syndrome. Patients exhibit a plethora of severe endocrine and neurological alterations, with no effective treatment for the neurological symptoms. An optimal mammalian model is essential to explore the pathological mechanisms and potential therapeutic approaches. Here we have generated by CRISPR/Cas9 an avatar mouse model for MCT8 deficiency with a point mutation found in two MCT8-deficient patients (P253L mice). We have predicted by in silico studies that this mutation alters the substrate binding pocket being the probable cause for impairing thyroid hormone transport. We have characterized the phenotype of MCT8-P253L mice and found endocrine alterations similar to those described in patients and in MCT8-deficient mice. Importantly, we detected brain hypothyroidism, structural and functional neurological alterations resembling the patient's neurological impairments. Thus, the P253L mouse provides a valuable model for studying the pathophysiology of MCT8 deficiency and in the future will allow to test therapeutic alternatives such as in vivo gene therapy and pharmacological chaperone therapy to improve the neurological impairments in MCT8 deficiency.

Dates and versions

hal-03887086 , version 1 (06-12-2022)

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Víctor Valcárcel-Hernández, Marina Guillén-Yunta, Miranda Bueno-Arribas, Ana Montero-Pedrazuela, Carmen Grijota-Martínez, et al.. A CRISPR/Cas9-engineered avatar mouse model of monocarboxylate transporter 8 deficiency displays distinct neurological alterations. Neurobiology of Disease, 2022, 174, pp.105896. ⟨10.1016/j.nbd.2022.105896⟩. ⟨hal-03887086⟩
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