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Journal Articles Human Cell Year : 2022

Roles of RNA-binding proteins in neurological disorders, COVID-19, and cancer

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Abstract

RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) have emerged as important players in multiple biological processes including transcription regulation, splicing, R-loop homeostasis, DNA rearrangement, miRNA function, biogenesis, and ribosome biogenesis. A large number of RBPs had already been identified by different approaches in various organisms and exhibited regulatory functions on RNAs' fate. RBPs can either directly or indirectly interact with their target RNAs or mRNAs to assume a key biological function whose outcome may trigger disease or normal biological events. They also exert distinct functions related to their canonical and non-canonical forms. This review summarizes the current understanding of a wide range of RBPs' functions and highlights their emerging roles in the regulation of diverse pathways, different physiological processes, and their molecular links with diseases. Various types of diseases, encompassing colorectal carcinoma, non-small cell lung carcinoma, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, aberrantly express RBPs. We also highlight some recent advances in the field that could prompt the development of RBPs-based therapeutic interventions.

Dates and versions

hal-03907434 , version 1 (20-12-2022)

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Daniel Ruben Akiola Sanya, Claudia Cava, Djamila Onésime. Roles of RNA-binding proteins in neurological disorders, COVID-19, and cancer. Human Cell, 2022, ⟨10.1007/s13577-022-00843-w⟩. ⟨hal-03907434⟩
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