Comprehensive Dental Treatment under General Anesthesia Improves Mastication Capability in Children with Early Childhood Caries—A One-Year Follow-Up Study - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Year : 2023

Comprehensive Dental Treatment under General Anesthesia Improves Mastication Capability in Children with Early Childhood Caries—A One-Year Follow-Up Study

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Abstract

Background: Using the granulometry of ready-to-swallow food boluses, this study investigated the evolution of masticatory capability of children with Early Childhood Caries (ECC) after comprehensive dental treatment under general anesthesia (GA). Methods: Sixteen children with ECC were assessed before and over one year after dental treatment under GA, in comparison with 12 children with a Healthy Oral State (HOS). Oral health criteria, quality of life, body mass index, and frequency of orofacial dysfunctions were recorded. Masticatory kinematic parameters and median food bolus particle size (D50) at swallowing were assessed while masticating raw carrot (CAR), cheese (CHS), and breakfast cereals (CER). The impact of posterior teeth extractions was analyzed. Results: Quality of life and orofacial functions improved after dental treatment. Chewing frequency for all three foods increased without reaching the values of children with HOS, while D50 values for CAR and CHS decreased. After one year, children with posterior teeth extractions exhibited higher D50 values for CAR and CHS than children with only conservative treatment. One third of children with ECC were overweight or obese. Conclusions: Comprehensive dental treatment improved children’s mastication, and their BMI subsequently increased. Links between mastication and nutrition should be investigated further in children.

Dates and versions

hal-03945669 , version 1 (18-01-2023)

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Natacha Linas, Marie-Agnès Peyron, Pierre-Yves Cousson, Nicolas Decerle, Martine Hennequin, et al.. Comprehensive Dental Treatment under General Anesthesia Improves Mastication Capability in Children with Early Childhood Caries—A One-Year Follow-Up Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2023, 20 (1), pp.677. ⟨10.3390/ijerph20010677⟩. ⟨hal-03945669⟩
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