Bisphenol A and bisphenol S both disrupt ovine granulosa cell steroidogenesis but through different molecular pathways - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Ovarian Research Year : 2023

Bisphenol A and bisphenol S both disrupt ovine granulosa cell steroidogenesis but through different molecular pathways

Abstract

Abstract Background Ovarian granulosa cells (GC) are essential for the development and maturation of a proper oocyte. GC are sensitive to endocrine disruptors, including bisphenol A (BPA) and its analogue bisphenol S (BPS), plasticisers present in everyday consumer products. BPA exhibits greater binding affinity for the membrane oestrogen receptor (GPER) than for the nuclear oestrogen receptors (ERα and ERβ). Here, we analysed the effects of BPA and BPS on the steroidogenesis of ovine GC in vitro, as well as their early mechanisms of action, the ovine being a relevant model to study human reproductive impairment. Disruption of GC steroidogenesis might alter oocyte quality and consequently fertility rate. In addition, we compared the effects of a specific GPER agonist (G-1) and antagonist (G-15) to those of BPA and BPS. Ewe GC were cultured with BPA or BPS (10 or 50 µM) or G-1 (1 µM) and/or G-15 (10 µM) for 48 h to study steroidogenesis. Results Both BPA and BPS (10 µM) altered the secretion of progesterone, however, only BPS (10 µM) affected oestradiol secretion. RNA-seq was performed on GC after 1 h of culture with BPA or BPS (50 µM) or G-1 (10 µM), followed by real-time PCR analyses of differentially expressed genes after 12, 24 and 48 h of culture. The absence of induced GPER target genes showed that BPA and BPS did not activate GPER in GC after 1 h of treatment. These molecules exhibited mainly independent early mechanisms of action. Gene ontology analysis showed that after 1 h of treatment, BPA mainly disrupted the expression of the genes involved in metabolism and transcription, while BPS had a smaller effect and impaired cellular communications. BPA had a transient effect on the expression of CHAC1 (NOTCH signalling and oxidative balance), JUN (linked to MAPK pathway), NR4A1 (oestradiol secretion inhibition), ARRDC4 (endocytose of GPCR) and KLF10 (cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis), while expression changes were maintained over time for the genes LSMEM1 (linked to MAPK pathway), TXNIP (oxidative stress) and LIF (cell cycle regulation) after 12 and 48 h, respectively. Conclusion In conclusion, although they exhibited similar effects, BPA and BPS impaired different molecular pathways in GC in vitro. New investigations will be necessary to follow the temporal changes of these genes over time, as well as the biological processes involved.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Teteau et al. 2023 RNAseq.pdf (2.71 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Publisher files allowed on an open archive
Licence

Dates and versions

hal-03972669 , version 1 (03-02-2023)

Licence

Identifiers

Cite

Ophélie Téteau, Anaïs Vitorino Carvalho, Pascal Papillier, Béatrice Mandon-Pepin, Luc Jouneau, et al.. Bisphenol A and bisphenol S both disrupt ovine granulosa cell steroidogenesis but through different molecular pathways. Journal of Ovarian Research, 2023, 16 (1), pp.30. ⟨10.1186/s13048-023-01114-4⟩. ⟨hal-03972669⟩
195 View
49 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More