Role of circulating sphingolipids in lipid metabolism: Why dietary lipids matter - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Nutrition Year : 2023

Role of circulating sphingolipids in lipid metabolism: Why dietary lipids matter

Abstract

Sphingolipids are structural components of cell membranes and lipoproteins but also act as signaling molecules in many pathophysiological processes. Although sphingolipids comprise a small part of the plasma lipidome, some plasma sphingolipids are recognized as implicated in the development of metabolic diseases and cardiovascular diseases. Plasma sphingolipids are mostly carried out into lipoproteins and may modulate their functional properties. Lipids ingested from the diet contribute to the plasma lipid pool besides lipids produced by the liver and released from the adipose tissue. Depending on their source, quality and quantity, dietary lipids may modulate sphingolipids both in plasma and lipoproteins. A few human dietary intervention studies investigated the impact of dietary lipids on circulating sphingolipids and lipid-related cardiovascular risk markers. On the one hand, dietary saturated fatty acids, mainly palmitic acid, may increase ceramide concentrations in plasma, triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and HDL. On the other hand, milk polar lipids may decrease some molecular species of sphingomyelins and ceramides in plasma and intestine-derived chylomicrons. Altogether, different dietary fatty acids and lipid species can modulate circulating sphingolipids vehicled by postprandial lipoproteins, which should be part of future nutritional strategies for prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
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hal-04013925 , version 1 (03-03-2023)

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Catherine Calzada, Cécile Vors, Armelle Penhoat, David Cheillan, Marie-Caroline Michalski. Role of circulating sphingolipids in lipid metabolism: Why dietary lipids matter. Frontiers in Nutrition, 2023, 9, ⟨10.3389/fnut.2022.1108098⟩. ⟨hal-04013925⟩
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