Laboratory investigation into the effect of the storage capacity of a city block on unsteady urban flood flows - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Water Resources Research Year : 2023

Laboratory investigation into the effect of the storage capacity of a city block on unsteady urban flood flows

Étude de laboratoire sur l'effet de la capacité de stockage d'un bloc de bâti sur les écoulements lors d'une inondation en ville

Abstract

The increasing occurrence of urban flooding in recent years demands a more accurate flood hazard assessment. Therefore, a better understanding of the predominant hydraulic processes in urban flood flows is required. The present paper reports an experimental study conducted in a laboratory scale model, which represents an urban area consisting of a rectangular city block and four surrounding streets. The objective is to quantify the impact of open areas within the city block on the key features of floodwaters. Tests are carried out under unsteady flow conditions, by using three inflow hydrographs with different unsteadiness levels. For each inflow hydrograph, the space available for floodwater volume storage within the block (storage capacity, ϕ) is varied, keeping the boundary conditions unchanged. A case where the city block has no space for floodwater storage (i.e., ϕ = 0) is used as a reference case. The results indicate that the unsteadiness level of the inflow hydrograph, especially during the rising stage, has a strong influence on the floodwater volume stored within the city block. The increase in storage capacity within the city block leads to a reduction of the global peak outflow discharge, a decrease in flow depths and a local increase in velocities in some streets and within the city block. Finally, with these variations in floodwater features, the level of risk to pedestrians is also impacted, increasing locally when the storage capacity of the block increases.
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Dates and versions

hal-04052550 , version 1 (30-03-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Miguel Angel Mejía‐morales, Emmanuel Mignot, André Paquier, Sébastien Proust. Laboratory investigation into the effect of the storage capacity of a city block on unsteady urban flood flows. Water Resources Research, 2023, 59 (e2022WR032984), pp.1-38. ⟨10.1029/2022WR032984⟩. ⟨hal-04052550⟩
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