Cuticle architecture and mechanical properties: a functional relationship delineated through correlated multimodal imaging - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles New Phytologist Year : 2023

Cuticle architecture and mechanical properties: a functional relationship delineated through correlated multimodal imaging

Johann Petit
Jeremie Mathurin
Ariane Deniset-Besseau
Christophe Rothan

Abstract

Cuticles are multifunctional hydrophobic biocomposites that protect the aerial organs of plants. During plant development, plant cuticles must accommodate different mechanical constraints combining extensibility and stiffness, and the corresponding relationships with their architecture are unknown. Recent data showed a fine-tuning of cuticle architecture during fruit development, with several chemical clusters which raise the question of how they impact the mechanical properties of cuticles. We investigated the in-depth nanomechanical properties of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruit cuticle from early development to ripening, in relation to chemical and structural heterogeneities by developing a correlative multimodal imaging approach. Unprecedented sharps heterogeneities were evidenced including an in-depth mechanical gradient and a 'soft' central furrow that were maintained throughout the plant development despite the overall increase in elastic modulus. In addition, we demonstrated that these local mechanical areas are correlated to chemical and structural gradients. This study shed light on fine-tuning of mechanical properties of cuticles through the modulation of their architecture, providing new insight for our understanding of structure-function relationships of plant cuticles and for the design of bioinspired material.

Dates and versions

hal-04080330 , version 1 (24-04-2023)

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Nicolas Reynoud, Nathalie Geneix, Angelina D’orlando, Johann Petit, Jeremie Mathurin, et al.. Cuticle architecture and mechanical properties: a functional relationship delineated through correlated multimodal imaging. New Phytologist, 2023, 238 (5), pp.2033-2046. ⟨10.1111/nph.18862⟩. ⟨hal-04080330⟩
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