Nanoemulsions Embedded in Alginate Beads as Bioadhesive Nanocomposites for Intestinal Delivery of the Anti-Inflammatory Drug Tofacitinib - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Biomacromolecules Year : 2023

Nanoemulsions Embedded in Alginate Beads as Bioadhesive Nanocomposites for Intestinal Delivery of the Anti-Inflammatory Drug Tofacitinib

Abstract

Oral administration of nanoparticles (NPs) is a promising strategy to overcome solubility and stability issues of many active compounds. However, this route faces major obstacles related to the hostile gastrointestinal (GI) environment, which impairs the efficacy of orally administered nanomedicines. Here, we propose nanocomposites as a promising approach to increase the retention time of NPs in the intestinal tract by using bio-and mucoadhesive matrixes able to protect the cargo until it reaches the targeted area. A microfluidic-based approach has been applied for the production of tailored nanoemulsions (NEs) of about 110 nm, used for the encapsulation of small hydrophobic drugs such as the antiinflammatory JAK-inhibitor tofacitinib. These NEs proved to be efficiently internalized into a mucus-secreting human intestinal monolayer of Caco-2/ HT29-MTX cells and to deliver tofacitinib to subepithelial human THP-1 macrophage-like cells, reducing their inflammatory response. NEs were then successfully encapsulated into alginate hydrogel microbeads of around 300 μm, which were characterized by rheological experiments and dried to create a long-term stable system for pharmaceutical applications. Finally, ex vivo experiments on excised segments of rats′ intestine proved the bioadhesive ability of NEs embedded in alginate hydrogels compared to free NEs, showing the advantage that this hybrid system can offer for the treatment of intestinal pathologies.
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Dates and versions

hal-04115036 , version 1 (02-06-2023)

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Valentina Andretto, Giuseppe Taurino, Giulia Guerriero, Hanäé Guérin, Emmanuelle Lainé, et al.. Nanoemulsions Embedded in Alginate Beads as Bioadhesive Nanocomposites for Intestinal Delivery of the Anti-Inflammatory Drug Tofacitinib. Biomacromolecules, 2023, ⟨10.1021/acs.biomac.3c00260⟩. ⟨hal-04115036⟩
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