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Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2023

Enhanced cultivation of chicken primordial germ cells

Abstract

Abstract The cultivation and expansion of chicken primordial germ cells (cPGCs) are of critical importance for both biotechnological applications and the management of poultry genetic biodiversity. The feeder-free culture system has become the most popular approach for the cultivation and expansion of cPGCs. However, despite some success in the cultivation of cPGCs, the reproducibility of culture conditions across different laboratories remains a challenge. This study aimed to compare two defined and enriched media for the growth of cPGCs originating from the Hubbard JA57 broiler. To this end, cPGCs were isolated from the embryonic blood of Hamburger–Hamilton (HH) stages 14–16 and cultured at various time points. The Growth properties and characteristics of these cells were evaluated in two different culture conditions (the defined or enriched medium) and their migratory properties were assessed after genetic engineering and injection into the vasculature of 2.5-day-old chicken embryos. The main finding of this study was that the use of an enriched medium (the defined medium with Knock-Out Serum Replacement; KOSR) resulted in improved growth properties of cPGCs originating from the Hubbard JA57 broiler compared to a defined medium. The ability to cultivate and expand cPGCs is crucial for the generation of both genetically engineered birds and breeds of interest from local or commercial origins. Therefore, these results highlight the importance of choosing an appropriate culture medium for cPGCs growth and expansion.
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hal-04186419 , version 1 (12-09-2023)

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Nima Dehdilani, Sara Yousefi Taemeh, Sylvie Rival-Gervier, Guillaume Montillet, Clémence Kress, et al.. Enhanced cultivation of chicken primordial germ cells. Scientific Reports, 2023, 13 (1), pp.12323. ⟨10.1038/s41598-023-39536-1⟩. ⟨hal-04186419⟩
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