Maize Internode Autofluorescence at the Macroscopic Scale: Image Representation and Principal Component Analysis of a Series of Large Multispectral Images - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Biomolecules Year : 2023

Maize Internode Autofluorescence at the Macroscopic Scale: Image Representation and Principal Component Analysis of a Series of Large Multispectral Images

Abstract

A quantitative histology of maize stems is needed to study the role of tissue and of their chemical composition in plant development and in their end-use quality. In the present work, a new methodology is proposed to show and quantify the spatial variability of tissue composition in plant organs and to statistically compare different samples accounting for biological variability. Multispectral UV/visible autofluorescence imaging was used to acquire a macroscale image series based on the fluorescence of phenolic compounds in the cell wall. A series of 40 multispectral large images of a whole internode section taken from four maize inbred lines were compared. The series consisted of more than 1 billion pixels and 11 autofluorescence channels. Principal Component Analysis was adapted and named large PCA and score image montages at different scales were built. Large PCA score distributions were proposed as quantitative features to compare the inbred lines. Variations in the tissue fluorescence were clearly displayed in the score images. General intensity variations were identified. Rind vascular bundles were differentiated from other tissues due to their lignin fluorescence after visible excitation, while variations within the pith parenchyma were shown via UV fluorescence. They depended on the inbred line, as revealed by the first four large PCA score distributions. Autofluorescence macroscopy combined with an adapted analysis of a series of large images is promising for the investigation of the spatial heterogeneity of tissue composition between and within organ sections. The method is easy to implement and can be easily extended to other multi-hyperspectral imaging techniques. The score distributions enable a global comparison of the images and an analysis of the inbred lines' effect. The interpretation of the tissue autofluorescence needs to be further investigated by using complementary spatially resolved techniques.
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hal-04190643 , version 1 (29-08-2023)

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Marie-Françoise Devaux, Mathias Corcel, Fabienne Guillon, Cécile Barron. Maize Internode Autofluorescence at the Macroscopic Scale: Image Representation and Principal Component Analysis of a Series of Large Multispectral Images. Biomolecules, 2023, 13, pp.1104. ⟨10.3390/biom13071104⟩. ⟨hal-04190643⟩
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