Comparison of grain size distribution measurements of sand-silt mixtures using laser diffraction systems - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Soils and Sediments Year : 2023

Comparison of grain size distribution measurements of sand-silt mixtures using laser diffraction systems

Abstract

PurposeThe laser diffraction method has become increasingly popular during the last decades to measure the grain size distribution of various environmental particles originating from sediments, soils or river suspended sediments. However, the measurement of multimodal samples containing sands is still an issue. The aim of this study is to discuss the limits of the laser diffraction method in measuring the sand fraction of bimodal samples.Materials and methodsA systematic comparison of four commercially available laser diffraction instruments (Cilas 1190L, Fritsch Analysette 22 Nanotec, Malvern Mastersizer 3000, and Sequoia Lisst 200X) is performed on 12 unimodal and bimodal samples of glass beads and silica-rich natural sands.ResultsMeasured grain size distributions differ between the four instruments. Most important differences occur in bimodal samples containing a sand fraction, where some instruments have major difficulties to estimate the proportion of the fine towards coarse mode correctly, with errors up to 100%.ConclusionIn accordance with the observation of coarse particles accumulating in low-velocity areas within the sampling tank, the creation of an imperfect suspension within the sampling tank is considered as a main reason for the differences. The choice of the most suitable measurement parameters is crucial to obtain accurate and precise measurements. However, these parameters cannot be compared between the instruments, nor exist precise user guidelines. Therefore, testing several measurement parameters before analyzing novel sample compositions using laser diffraction is recommended.
No file

Dates and versions

hal-04303103 , version 1 (23-11-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Jessica Laible, Benoît Camenen, Jérôme Le Coz, Gilles Pierrefeu, Brice Mourier, et al.. Comparison of grain size distribution measurements of sand-silt mixtures using laser diffraction systems. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 2023, 23 (5), pp.2310-2325. ⟨10.1007/s11368-023-03470-6⟩. ⟨hal-04303103⟩
15 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More