Preterm birth affects both surfactant synthesis and lung liquid resorption actors in fetal sheep - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Developmental Biology Year : 2024

Preterm birth affects both surfactant synthesis and lung liquid resorption actors in fetal sheep

Abstract

Introduction: After birth, the lungs must resorb the fluid they contain. This process involves multiple actors such as surfactant, aquaporins and ENaC channels. Preterm newborns often exhibit respiratory distress syndrome due to surfactant deficiency, and transitory tachypnea caused by a delay in lung liquid resorption. Our hypothesis is that surfactant, ENaC and aquaporins are involved in respiratory transition to extrauterine life and altered by preterm birth. We compared these candidates in preterm and term fetal sheeps. Materials and methods: We performed cesarean sections in 8 time-dated pregnant ewes (4 at 100 days and 4 at 140 days of gestation, corresponding to 24 and 36 weeks of gestation in humans), and obtained 13 fetal sheeps in each group. We studied surfactant synthesis (SP-A, SP-B, SP-C), lung liquid resorption (ENaC, aquaporins) and corticosteroid regulation (glucocorticoid receptor, mineralocorticoid receptor and 11-betaHSD2) at mRNA and protein levels. Results: The mRNA expression level of SFTPA, SFTPB and SFTPC was higher in the term group. These results were confirmed at the protein level for SP-B on Western Blot analysis and for SP-A, SP-B and SP-C on immunohistochemical analysis. Regarding aquaporins, ENaC and receptors, mRNA expression levels for AQP1, AQP3, AQP5, ENaCα, ENaCβ, ENaCγ and 11βHSD2 mRNA were also higher in the term group. Discussion: Expression of surfactant proteins, aquaporins and ENaC increases between 100 and 140 days of gestation in an ovine model. Further exploring these pathways and their hormonal regulation could highlight some new explanations in the pathophysiology of neonatal respiratory diseases.
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hal-04369044 , version 1 (02-01-2024)

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Leona Orlandi, Yoann Rodriguez, Anne Leostic, Corinne Giraud-Delville, Maya-Laure Lang, et al.. Preterm birth affects both surfactant synthesis and lung liquid resorption actors in fetal sheep. Developmental Biology, 2024, 506, pp.64-71. ⟨10.1016/j.ydbio.2023.12.002⟩. ⟨hal-04369044⟩
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