Bacterial adhesion inhibition by microalgal EPSs from Cylindrotheca closterium and Tetraselmis suecica biofilms - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology Year : 2024

Bacterial adhesion inhibition by microalgal EPSs from Cylindrotheca closterium and Tetraselmis suecica biofilms

Abstract

In the food industry, successful bacterial pathogen colonization and persistence begin with their adhesion to a surface, followed by the spatial development of mature biofilm of public health concerns. Compromising bacterial settlement with natural inhibitors is a promising alternative to conventional anti-fouling treatments typically based on chemical biocides that contribute to the growing burden of antimicrobial resistance. In this study, three extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) fractions extracted from microalgae biofilms of Cylindrotheca closterium (fraction C) and Tetraselmis suecica (fraction Ta rich in insoluble scale structure and fraction Tb rich in soluble EPS) were screened for their anti-adhesive properties, against eight human food-borne pathogens belonging to Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica, and Listeria monocytogenes species. The results showed that the fraction Ta was the most effective inducing statistically significant reduction for three strains of E. coli, S. aureus, and L. monocytogenes. Overall, EPSs coating on polystyrene surfaces of the different fractions increased the hydrophilic character of the support. Differences in bacterial adhesion on the different coated surfaces could be explained by several dissimilarities in the structural and physicochemical EPS compositions, according to HPLC and ATR-FTIR analysis. Interestingly, while fractions Ta and Tb were extracted from the same microalgal culture, distinct adhesion patterns were observed, highlighting the importance of the extraction process. Overall, the findings showed that EPS extracted from microalgal photosynthetic biofilms can exhibit anti-adhesive effects against food-borne pathogens and could help develop sustainable and non-toxic anti-adhesive surfaces for the food industry. KEY POINTS: •EPSs from a biofilm-based culture of C. closterium/T. suecica were characterized. •Microalgal EPS extracted from T. suecica biofilms showed bacterial anti-adhesive effects. •The anti-adhesive effect is strain-specific and affects both Gram - and Gram + bacteria.

Dates and versions

hal-04412571 , version 1 (23-01-2024)

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Julia Mougin, Anne-Sophie Pavaux, Andrea Fanesi, Julien Lopez, Eric Pruvost, et al.. Bacterial adhesion inhibition by microalgal EPSs from Cylindrotheca closterium and Tetraselmis suecica biofilms. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2024, 108 (1), pp 168. ⟨10.1007/s00253-023-12960-z⟩. ⟨hal-04412571⟩
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