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Journal Articles ACS Omega Year : 2024

Rapid Detection and Identification of Vancomycin-Sensitive Bacteria Using an Electrochemical Apta-Sensor

Zorica Novakovic
  • Function : Author
Maria Joao Camacho
  • Function : Author
Susana Cardoso
Veronica Martins
  • Function : Author
Ivana Gadjanski
Marko Radovic

Abstract

In order to combat the complex and diverse infections caused by bacteria, it is essential to develop efficient diagnostic tools. Current techniques for bacterial detection rely on laborious multistep procedures, with high costs and extended time of analysis. To overcome these limitations, we propose here a novel portable electrochemical biosensor for the rapid detection and identification of Gram-positive bacteria that leverages the recognition capabilities of vancomycin and aptamers. A vancomycin-modified screen-printed carbon electrode was used to selectively capture Gram-positive bacteria susceptible to this antibiotic. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy demonstrated that capture was achieved in 10 min, with a limit of detection of only 2 CFU/mL. We then tested the device's potential for aptamer-based bacterial identification using Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus as the test strains. Specifically, electrodes with captured bacteria were exposed to species-specific aptamers, and the resulting changes in current intensity were analyzed using differential pulse voltammetry. When used directly in untreated milk or serum, the system was able to successfully identify a small amount of S. aureus and B. cereus (100 CFU/mL) in less than 45 min. This novel biosensor has the potential to serve as an invaluable tool that could be used, even by inexperienced staff, in a broad range of settings including clinical diagnostics, food safety analysis, environmental monitoring, and security applications.
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Dates and versions

hal-04521922 , version 1 (26-03-2024)

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Zorica Novakovic, Majd Khalife, Vlad Costache, Maria Joao Camacho, Susana Cardoso, et al.. Rapid Detection and Identification of Vancomycin-Sensitive Bacteria Using an Electrochemical Apta-Sensor. ACS Omega, 2024, 9 (2), pp.2841-2849. ⟨10.1021/acsomega.3c08219⟩. ⟨hal-04521922⟩
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