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Journal Articles (Review Article) Veterinary Research Year : 2024

Interactions between avian viruses and skin in farm birds

Abstract

This article reviews the avian viruses that infect the skin of domestic farm birds of primary economic importance: chicken, duck, turkey, and goose. Many avian viruses (e.g., poxviruses, herpesviruses, Influenza viruses, retroviruses) leading to pathologies infect the skin and the appendages of these birds. Some of these viruses (e.g., Marek’s disease virus, avian influenza viruses) have had and/or still have a devasting impact on the poultry economy. The skin tropism of these viruses is key to the pathology and virus life cycle, in particular for virus entry, shedding, and/or transmission. In addition, for some emergent arboviruses, such as flaviviruses, the skin is often the entry gate of the virus after mosquito bites, whether or not the host develops symptoms (e.g., West Nile virus). Various avian skin models, from primary cells to three-dimensional models, are currently available to better understand virus-skin interactions (such as replication, pathogenesis, cell response, and co-infection). These models may be key to finding solutions to prevent or halt viral infection in poultry.
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hal-04562218 , version 1 (29-04-2024)

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Laurent Souci, Caroline Denesvre. Interactions between avian viruses and skin in farm birds. Veterinary Research, 2024, 55 (1), pp.54. ⟨10.1186/s13567-024-01310-0⟩. ⟨hal-04562218⟩
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