Intake profile, milk production and energy balance of early lactation spring calving Holstein Friesian and Jersey x Holstein Friesian dairy cows in high utilisation pasture-based systems - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Dairy Science Year : 2024

Intake profile, milk production and energy balance of early lactation spring calving Holstein Friesian and Jersey x Holstein Friesian dairy cows in high utilisation pasture-based systems

Abstract

Early lactation is a critical period for dairy cows as energy requirements rapidly increase with the onset of lactation, however, early lactation dry matter intakes (DMI) in pasture-based systems are under-measured. The objectives of this study were 1) to measure and profile total DMI (TDMI) and animal performance of dairy cows during early lactation in a pasture-based system 2) to investigate early lactation energy balance in pasture-based systems and 3) to examine production efficiencies including TDMI and milk solids production per 100 kg bodyweight. Eighty spring-calving dairy cows were allocated to a grazing group as they calved over a 2 year period (2021 and 2022). Cows were offered a daily herbage allowance to achieve a post-grazing sward height of 4 cm with silage supplementation when necessary due to inclement weather. Total DMI was measured using the n-alkane technique over a 12 week period from 1st of February to the 23rd of April. Total DMI and daily milk yield were significantly affected by parity with both variables being greatest for third parity animals (17.7 kg DM and 26.3 kg/cow/day, respectively), lowest for first parity (13.2 kg DM and 19.6 kg/cow/day, respectively) and intermediate for second parity animals (16.8 kg DM and 24.1 kg/cow/day, respectively). Peak TDMI was reached on wk 10 for first parity animals (14.6 kg DM), wk 11 for second parity animals (19.3 kg DM) and wk 12 for third parity animals (19.9 kg DM). Parity also had a significant effect on UFL (feed units for milk) feed balance as first parity animals experienced a greater degree of negative energy balance (−3.2 UFL) compared with second and third parity animals (−2.3 UFL). Breed and parity had an effect on production efficiencies during the first 12 weeks of lactation as Jersey x Holstein Friesian cows had greater TDMI/100 kg bodyweight and milk solids/100 kg bodyweight compared with Holstein Friesian cows.

Dates and versions

hal-04603561 , version 1 (06-06-2024)

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S. Walsh, Luc Delaby, M. Kennedy, N. Galvin, Z.C. Mckay, et al.. Intake profile, milk production and energy balance of early lactation spring calving Holstein Friesian and Jersey x Holstein Friesian dairy cows in high utilisation pasture-based systems. Journal of Dairy Science, In press, ⟨10.3168/jds.2023-24517⟩. ⟨hal-04603561⟩

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