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Journal Articles (Review Article) Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Year : 2016

Macrophages Versus Escherichia coli

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Abstract

The pathophysiology of Crohn's disease (CD), a chronic inflammatory bowel disease, remains imperfectly elucidated. Consequently, the therapeutic armamentarium remains limited and has not changed the natural history of CD hitherto. Accordingly, physicians need to identify new therapeutic targets to be able to alter the intestinal damage. The most recent hypothesis considered CD as resulting from an abnormal interaction between microbiota and host immune system influenced by genetics and environmental factors. Several experimental and genetic evidence point out intestinal macrophages in CD etiology. An increase of macrophages number and the presence of granulomas are especially observed in the intestinal mucosa of patients with CD. These macrophages could be defective and particularly in responses to infectious agents like CD-associated Escherichia coli. This review focuses on, what is currently known regarding the role of macrophages, macrophages/E. coli interaction, and the impact of CD therapies on macrophages in CD. We also speculate that macrophages modulation could lead to important translational implications in CD with the end goal of promoting gut health.

Dates and versions

hal-01493355 , version 1 (21-03-2017)

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Anthony Buisson, Marie-Agnès Bringer, Nicolas Barnich, Emilie Vazeille. Macrophages Versus Escherichia coli: A Decisive Fight in Crohn's Disease. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, 2016, 22 (12), pp.2943 - 2955. ⟨10.1097/MIB.0000000000000946⟩. ⟨hal-01493355⟩
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