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Lipoprotein lipase in hypothalamus is a key regulator of body weight gain and glucose homeostasis in mice

Abstract : Aims/hypothesis Regulation of energy balance involves the participation of many factors, including nutrients, among which are circulating lipids, acting as peripheral signals informing the central nervous system of the energy status of the organism. It has been shown that neuronal lipoprotein lipase (LPL) participates in the control of energy balance by hydrolysing lipid particles enriched in triacylglycerols. Here, we tested the hypothesis that LPL in the mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH), a well-known nucleus implicated in the regulation of metabolic homeostasis, could also contribute to the regulation of body weight and glucose homeostasis. Methods We injected an adeno-associated virus (AAV) expressing Cre-green fluorescent protein into the MBH of Lpl-floxed mice (and wild-type mice) to specifically decrease LPL activity in the MBH. In parallel, we injected an AAV overexpressing Lpl into the MBH of wild-type mice. We then studied energy homeostasis and hypothalamic ceramide content. Results The partial deletion of Lpl in the MBH in mice led to an increase in body weight compared with controls (37.72 +/- 0.7 g vs 28.46 +/- 0.12, p < 0.001) associated with a decrease in locomotor activity. These mice developed hyperinsulinaemia and glucose intolerance. This phenotypealso displayed reduced expression of Cers1 in the hypothalamus as well as decreased concentration of several C18 species of ceramides and a 3-fold decrease in total ceramide intensity. Conversely, overexpression of Lpl specifically in the MBH induced a decrease in body weight. Conclusions/interpretation Our study shows that LPL in the MBH is an important regulator of body weight and glucose homeostasis.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 20, 2017 - 1:47:49 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 21, 2021 - 10:00:04 AM

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Elise Laperrousaz, Valentine S. Moullé, Raphaël G. Denis, Nadim Kassis, Chloé Berland, et al.. Lipoprotein lipase in hypothalamus is a key regulator of body weight gain and glucose homeostasis in mice. Diabetologia, Springer Verlag, 2017, 60 (7), pp.1314 - 1324. ⟨10.1007/s00125-017-4282-7⟩. ⟨hal-01565905⟩

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