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Impact du pâturage équin sur la diversité floristique et faunistique des milieux pâturés

Abstract : Horses, whose numbers are growing in France and Europe, are set to play an increasing role in preserving the biodiversity of pasture land. This resume sums up available data and information regarding the impact of equine pasture land, and emphasizes its specificities and advantages. Horses have an innate capacity to ingest rough forage, which means they can efficiently control competitive weeds and keep land cleared. Their heterogeneous grazing pattern (as they preserve an area of short grass within a wider area of tall grass) promotes, at least on a temporary basis, the coexistence of a wide number of plant and animal species within the vegetation cover. Their diet includes fewer dicotyledons than that of ruminants. However additional studies need to be carried out in order to determine to what extent this behaviour could have a beneficial effect on the diversity of flowering plants and pollinator insects.
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Géraldine Fleurance, Patrick Duncan, Anne Farruggia, Bertrand Dumont, Thierry Lecomte. Impact du pâturage équin sur la diversité floristique et faunistique des milieux pâturés. Fourrages, Association Française pour la Production Fourragère, 2011, 207, pp.189-199. ⟨hal-02645835⟩

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