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Differential translocation of green fluorescent protein fused to signal sequences of Ruminococcus albus cellulases by the Tat and Sec pathways of Escherichia coli

Abstract : Ruminococcus albus is a Gram-positive bacterium that degrades plant cell walls in the rumen of herbivores. It was described to synthesize two major glycoside-hydrolases (Cel9B and Cel48A), which are exported and anchored at the cell surface. In bacteria, proteins destined to cross the cytoplasmic membrane are synthesized as precursors and possess a signal sequence (SS) directing them to the 'Sec' (general secretory) or 'Tat' (twin arginine translocation) pathway. SS composition of Cel9B and Cel48A suggests that these two enzymes translocate using different secretory pathways. In order to confirm this hypothesis, the SSs of Cel9B and Cel48A were fused to the green fluorescent protein (GFP) and expressed in wild-type Escherichia coli and in its Tat and Sec isogenic mutants. The SS cleavage and the formation of the mature protein were then followed by Western blot and fluorescence microscopy. This study shows that the SS of Cel9B directs the preprotein to the 'Tat' translocation pathway while the GFP fused to the SS of Cel48A is exported through the 'Sec' machinery. These observations suggest that R. albus possess a Tat pathway, in addition to the general secretory pathway.
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Submitted on : Saturday, May 30, 2020 - 11:23:09 PM
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Julia Esbelin, Cécile Martin, Evelyne Forano, Pascale Mosoni. Differential translocation of green fluorescent protein fused to signal sequences of Ruminococcus albus cellulases by the Tat and Sec pathways of Escherichia coli. FEMS Microbiology Letters, Wiley-Blackwell, 2009, 294 (2), pp.239-244. ⟨10.1111/j.1574-6968.2009.01576.x⟩. ⟨hal-02662064⟩

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