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Overexpression of MADS-box Gene AGAMOUS-LIKE 12 Activates Root Development in Juglans sp. and Arabidopsis thaliana

Abstract : Until recently, the roles of plant MADS-box genes have mainly been characterized during inflorescence and flower di erentiation. In order to precise the roles of AGAMOUS-LIKE 12, one of the few MADS-box genes preferentially expressed in roots, we placed its cDNA under the control of the double 35S CaMV promoter to produce transgenic walnut tree and Arabidopsis plants. In Juglans sp., transgenic somatic embryos showed significantly higher germination rates but abnormal development of their shoot apex prevented their conversion into plants. In addition, a wide range of developmental abnormalities corresponding to ectopic root-like structures a ected the transgenic lines suggesting partial reorientations of the embryonic program toward root di erentiation. In Arabidopsis, AtAGL12 overexpression lead to the production of faster growing plants presenting dramatically wider and shorter root phenotypes linked to increased meristematic cell numbers within the root apex. In the upper part of the roots, abnormal cell divisions patterns within the pericycle layer generated large ectopic cell masses that did not prevent plants to grow. Taken together, our results confirm in both species that AGL12 positively regulates root meristem cell division and promotes overall root vascular tissue formation. Genetic engineering of AGL12 expression levels could be useful to modulate root architecture and development.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 30, 2020 - 6:32:51 PM
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Gregory Montiel, Muriel Gaudet, Françoise Laurans, Philippe Rozenberg, Matthieu Simon, et al.. Overexpression of MADS-box Gene AGAMOUS-LIKE 12 Activates Root Development in Juglans sp. and Arabidopsis thaliana. Plants, MDPI, 2020, 9 (4), pp.444. ⟨10.3390/plants9040444⟩. ⟨hal-02559889⟩

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