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Relevance of Free Jet Model for Soil Erosion by Impinging Jets

Abstract : The surface erosion of soil samples caused by an impinging jet can be analysed using the jet erosion test (JET), a standard experimental test to characterize the erosion resistance of soils. This paper specifically addresses the flow characteristics of a laminar impinging jet over the irregular surface of granular beds to discuss the pertinence and relevance of commonly used empirical estimations based on a selfsimilar model of a free jet. The JET is here investigated at the microscale with a coupled fluid-particle flow numerical model featuring the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) for the fluid phase combined with the discrete element method (DEM) for the mechanical behaviour of the solid particles. The hydrodynamics of a laminar plane free jet are confronted with the results from a parametric study of jet impingement, both on solid smooth and fixed granular surfaces, that take into account variations in particle size, distance from jet origin, and jet Reynolds number. The flow characteristics at the bed surface are here quantified, including the maximal values in tangential velocity and wall shear stress, which can be regarded as the major cause of particle detachments under hydrodynamic solicitation. It is shown that the maximal velocity at the impinged surface can be described by the free jet self-similar model, provided that a simple empirical coefficient is introduced. Further, an expression is proposed for the maximal shear stress in laminar conditions, including a Blasius-like friction coefficient that is inversely proportional to the square root of the jet Reynolds number. To conclude, finally, the JET erosion of different cohesionless granular samples is analysed, confirming that the threshold condition at the onset of granular motion is consistent with the Shields diagram and in close agreement with previous experimental results.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02609790
Contributor : Migration Irstea Publications <>
Submitted on : Saturday, May 16, 2020 - 6:30:29 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 2, 2021 - 3:26:51 AM

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Z. Benseghier, P. Cuéllar, L.H. Luu, J.Y. Delenne, Stefano Bonelli, et al.. Relevance of Free Jet Model for Soil Erosion by Impinging Jets. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, 2020, 146 (1), pp.04019047. ⟨10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0001652⟩. ⟨hal-02609790⟩

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