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Decrease in operant responding under obesogenic diet exposure is not related to deficits in incentive or hedonic processes

Abstract : Objective A growing body of evidence suggests that obesity could result from alterations in reward processing. In rodent models, chronic exposure to an obesogenic diet leads to blunted dopamine signaling and related incentive responding. This study aimed to determine which reward-related behavioral dimensions are actually impacted by obesogenic diet exposure. Methods Mice were chronically exposed to an obesogenic diet. Incentive and hedonic processes were tested through operant conditioning and licking microstructures, respectively. In parallel, mesolimbic dopamine transmission was assessed using microdialysis. Results Prolonged high-fat (HF) diet exposure led to blunted mesolimbic dopamine release, paralleled by a decrease in operant responding in all schedules tested. HF-fed and control animals similarly decreased their operant responding in an effort-based choice task, and HF-fed animals displayed an overall lower calorie intake in this task. Analysis of the licking microstructures during consumption of a freely accessible reward suggested a decrease in basal hunger and a potentiation of gastrointestinal inhibition in HF-fed animals, without changes in hedonic reactivity. Conclusions These results suggest that the decrease in operant responding under prolonged HF diet exposure is mainly driven by decrease in hunger as well as stronger postingestive negative feedback mechanisms, rather than by a decrease in incentive or hedonic responses.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 25, 2020 - 3:11:30 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 21, 2021 - 2:26:09 PM

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Fabien Ducrocq, Alexia Hyde, Hortense Fanet, Asma Oummadi, Roman Walle, et al.. Decrease in operant responding under obesogenic diet exposure is not related to deficits in incentive or hedonic processes. Obesity, Wiley, 2019, 27 (2), pp.255-263. ⟨10.1002/oby.22358⟩. ⟨hal-02618642⟩

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