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Exposure to the fungicide captan induces DNA base alterations and replicative stress in mammalian cells

Abstract : The classification of the fungicide captan (CAS Number: 133-06-2) as a carcinogen agent is presently under discussion. Despite the mutagenic effect detected by the Ames test and carcinogenic properties observed in mice, the genotoxicity of this pesticide in humans is still unclear. New information is needed about its mechanism of action in mammalian cells. Here, we show that Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells exposed to captan accumulate Fpg-sensitive DNA base alterations. In CHO and HeLa cells, such DNA lesions require the XRCC1-dependent pathway to be repaired. Captan also induces a replicative stress that activated the ATR signaling response and resulted in double-strand breaks and micronuclei. The replicative stress is characterized by a dramatic decrease in DNA synthesis due to a reduced replication fork progression. However, impairment of the XRCC1-related repair process did not amplify the replicative stress, suggesting that the fork progression defect is independent from the presence of base modifications. These results support the involvement of at least two independent pathways in the genotoxic effect of captan that might play a key role in carcinogenesis.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 17, 2021 - 12:56:15 PM
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Anne Fernandez-Vidal, Liana C. Arnaud, Manon Maumus, Marianne Chevalier, Gladys Mirey, et al.. Exposure to the fungicide captan induces DNA base alterations and replicative stress in mammalian cells. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis, 2019, 60 (3), pp.286-297. ⟨10.1002/em.22268⟩. ⟨hal-02620276⟩



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