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Beyond principal component analysis (PCA) of product means: Toward a psychometric view on sensory profiling data

Abstract : Principal component analysis (PCA) has its origin in psychology, where it was developed as a psychometric tool to measure latent variables of human cognition, personality, or behavior. This psychometric approach is also suitable to measure human perception based on sensory profiling data. To do so, we apply the PCA to a matrix that maintains the individual panelist's judgments, the matrix structure is in line with the “Tucker-1 common loadings model.” Our approach (“Tucker-1 PCA”) differs from the routine method of analyzing sensory profiling data, where PCA is applied to the matrix of mean scores of the product-by-attribute table (“Means-PCA”). This article discusses the specific properties of the Tucker-1 PCA and compares it to the Means-PCA via a meta-analysis on 422 datasets from Sensobase, a collection of sensory profiling studies. Tucker-1 PCA provides advantages over Means-PCA in terms of dimensionality, interpretability, and replicability of the factor structures.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02620974
Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 12:32:52 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 10, 2021 - 2:14:02 PM

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Burkhard Dettmar, Caroline Peltier, Pascal Schlich. Beyond principal component analysis (PCA) of product means: Toward a psychometric view on sensory profiling data. Journal of Sensory Studies, Wiley, 2020, 35 (2), pp.e12555. ⟨10.1111/joss.12555⟩. ⟨hal-02620974⟩

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