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Validation of gelbond® high-throughput alkaline and fpg-modified comet assay using a linear mixed model

Abstract : Even if the comet assay has been widely used for decades, there is still a need for controlled studies and good mathematical models to assess the variability of the different versions of this assay and in particular to assess potential intra-experimental variability of the high-throughput comet assay. To address this point, we further validate a high-throughput comet assay that uses hydrophilic polyester film (Gelbond®). Experiments were performed using human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) either untreated or treated with different concentration of MMS (methyl methanesulfonate). A positive control for the Fpg (Formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase)-modified comet assay (Ro 19-8022 with light) was also included. To quantify the sources of variability of the assay, including intradeposit variability, instead of summarizing DNA damage on 50 cells from a deposit by the mean or median of their percentage DNA tail, we analyzed all logit-transformed data with a linear mixed model. The main source of variation in our experimental data is between cells within the same deposit, suggesting genuine variability in the response of the cells rather than variation caused by technical treatment of cell samples. The second source of variation is the inter-experimental variation (day-to-day experiment); the coefficient of this variation for the control was 13.6%. The variation between deposits in the same experiment is negligible. Moreover, there is no systematic bias because of the position of samples on the Gelbond® film nor the position of the films in the electrophoresis tank. This high-throughput comet assay is thus reliable for various applications.
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Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Thursday, June 17, 2021 - 1:00:34 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 30, 2021 - 5:52:19 PM



Hervé Perdry, Kristine B. Gutzkow, Marianne Chevalier, Laurence Huc, Gunnar Brunborg, et al.. Validation of gelbond® high-throughput alkaline and fpg-modified comet assay using a linear mixed model. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis, Wiley-Blackwell, 2018, 59 (7), pp.595-602. ⟨10.1002/em.22204⟩. ⟨hal-02621813⟩



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