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Agro-ecological innovations in Martinique: organisational, institutional, technical and economic disincentives and levers

Abstract : In Martinique, the environmental and food crisis, linked in particular to pollution by chlordecone, has led to a local demand for agro-ecological products. The aim of this study was to analyse: (i) institutional and organisational frameworks that determine the emergence and development conditions of these agricultural systems, and (ii) the technical and economical disincentives found on farms, in order to reveal the limiting factors and main levers. First and foremost, results showed that the “organic” sector is divided into two distinct groups of producers in terms of their certification process and of their integration into institutional systems. However, in both cases, an important disincentive is the absence of the control of indicators concerning the economic and financial assessment conditions of organic products. In addition, the technico–economic and agronomic analysis of farms revealed three major disincentives: (i) the absence of local references and technical support; (ii) weakness and dispersion in terms of supply and of access to specific inputs, and; (iii) low labour productivity. A coordinated effort involving local government agencies, producer organisations and technical and research institutions is necessary.
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  • HAL Id : hal-02654075, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 190713

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P. Fernandes, Ludovic Temple, J. Crance, S. Minatchi. Agro-ecological innovations in Martinique: organisational, institutional, technical and economic disincentives and levers. Innovations Agronomiques, INRAE, 2009, 4, pp.457-466. ⟨hal-02654075⟩

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