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Poster communications

Simulations to define the optimum lifetime management for Holstein cows

Abstract : Interest in extended lactation has increased this last decade. However, little is known about the long term effects of extended lactation on the lifetime productive and reproductive performance. The two main objectives of this study were: (1) to determine the optimum duration of extended lactation to enhance efficiency and pregnancy rate compared with a 10 mo lactation; and (2) to define if the lactation duration should vary with the age of the cow to reach an optimum lifetime performance. A lifetime performance model taking into account the changing physiological priorities of an animal during its life and through repeated reproduction cycles, was used to simulate different lifetime scenarios. The model was tested to fit 16 mo lactations. For each scenario, a total of 300 cows were randomly generated. Simulation of cows managed for repeated 16 mo lactation all their life (EL) had the highest lifetime efficiency (ratio of energy in milk to energy intake), and the longest lifetime compared with shorter (10, 12, or 14 mo) or longer (18, 20, or 22 mo) lactations. Pregnancy rates were not significantly improved with EL compared with a 10 mo lactation (N). Simulations of cows managed for a 16 mo lactation during their first lactation, followed by 10 mo lactations for the rest of their life (EL-N), had a lifetime efficiency similar to that of the EL scenario. Simulations of cows managed for a 10 mo lactation during their first lactation, followed by 16 mo lactations for the rest of their life (N-EL), had a lifetime efficiency similar to the N scenario. To conclude, these simulations indicated that: (1) the 16 mo lactation is the optimum extended lactation length in terms of productive and reproductive performance; and (2) that managing the primiparous cows with a 16 mo extended lactation, followed by 10 mo lactations, allows the lifetime efficiency to increase being similar to cows managed for 16 mo lactations all their life.
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Poster communications
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02743740
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 3, 2020 - 6:28:11 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:38:10 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02743740, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 432991

Citation

Charlotte Gaillard, H.N. Phuong, Pierre Blavy, J. Sehested. Simulations to define the optimum lifetime management for Holstein cows. 67. Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (EAAP), Aug 2016, Belfast, United Kingdom. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production, 22, 2016, Book of Abstract of the 67th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal. ⟨hal-02743740⟩

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